Zinc is a chemical element with symbol Zn and atomic number 30. Zinc is the 24th most abundant element in Earth’s crust and has five stable isotopes.
Zinc is a metal that is used in many applications in many different ways. By the advance in technology zinc sputtering targets are started to be used to make thin films and have outstanding properties. The most important area that zinc sputtering targets can be used is galvanization. As all we may know by the moisture in the air we face with the problem of corrosion. For the solution of this problem zinc help us. We can product automobiles, bridges and ships by coating them with zinc sputtering targets.
We can also make zinc alloys with other metals to have more intensity and hardness. By this way zinc becomes a suitable material to be used in automobile manufacturing and the mechanical industry, thanks to its superior superplasticity.
Since zinc has good electromagnetic field resistance properties, thin zinc films obtained by sputtering targets are very effective shielding material.
And as zinc is non-magnetic, it is suitable for making components and covers of instruments and meters.
To make explosion-proof equipments zinc sputtering targets can help you due to the properties of zinc which produces no sparks, either alone or in collision with other metals.
Niobium is a chemical element with symbol Nb and atomic number 41. Niobium is a soft, grey, crystalline, ductile transition metal.
Niobium with the property of being a refractory metal has melting point and shows superior chemical resistance. That means niobium sputtering targets can be used to obtain thin films with high resistance to corrosion.
Another area that niobium sputtering targets can be used is superconducting devices. Niobium is one of the most used metals for obtaining superconducting thin films. So niobium sputtering targets can be used in superconducting hot electron bolometer and superconducting photon detectors.
Also in particle accelerators where superconducting radio frequency is used niobium thin films which can be obtained by sputtering targets can be used. CERN has conducted pioneering studies in the field of superconducting radio frequency niobium films on copper (Nb/Cu) applied to cavities and successfully implemented this technology.
The superconducting niobium thin films can be also used in digital applications. For example in one of the studies related to this field an 8-bit digital signal processor was fabricated. These devices fabricated with niobium film process are faster and have lower power consumption than semiconductor devices.
Lanthanum manganate is a chemical compound which consists of lanthanum, manganese and oxygen has a perovskite structure. Perovskite oxides have interesting properties such as double exchange mechanism, electronic transport properties and magnetic properties.
The important discovery about perovskite oxide is their colossal magnetoresistance property. These properties that perovskite oxides have make them useful in production of sensors, actuators and devices.
As we mentioned before lanthanum manganate has also perovskite structure and thin film obtained from it show very different structural, magnetic and electronic properties.
Also it is possible to dope basic lanthanum manganate with calcium to have exterior properties. Lanthanum calcium manganate thin films obtained by sputtering targets can be used in magnetic sensors due to the magnetic properties of lanthanum. Also in hard drive reader and memory devices thin films of lanthanum calcium manganate can be used.
Another interesting property of lanthanum calcium manganate is that it shows antibacterial effect. So you can obtain a thin film with lanthanum calcium oxide sputtering targets if you need antibacterial property.
If you need water purification in your system, lanthanum calcium oxide might be the chemical that you are searching for. Lanthanum calcium manganate sputtering targets will help you for water purıfication.